Festival/arrangør

Creativity and management control - the diversity of festival budgets

Knardal, Per Ståle,
Pettersen, Inger Johanne
International Journal of Managing Projects in Business

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the budget, when split into a network of projects, can act as a management tool to balance control with creativity.

Design/methodology/approach – A case study is used to discuss the budget in a large Norwegian festival. Simons’ (1995) concept of interactive use of budgets is applied for the analysis of empirical findings. Especially, the authors focus on the design and use of the budget and how it is aligned with the specific characteristics of festivals as economic organizations.

Findings – The findings support earlier research which focusses on the need to balance between control and dynamic changes to successfully manage festivals. This study gives a detailed knowledge on how managers use budgets to combine management control with creativity and dynamic adaptions.

Originality/value – This study contributes to a detailed understanding of how managers can use budgets as tools to stabilize between uncertainty, creativity and control.

Keywords Budgets, Balancing creativity and control, Functions of budgets, Interactive and diagnostic use

Paper type Case study

2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

A Dynamic Mapping of the UK's Creative Industries

Bakshi, H.,
Freeman, A.,
Higgs, P.

This paper argues that, despite its strengths, the UK Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) classification of the creative industries contains inconsistencies which need to be addressed to make it fully fit for purpose. It presents an improved methodology which retains the strengths of the DCMS’s approach while addressing its deficiencies. We focus on creative intensity: the proportion of total employment within an industry that is engaged in creative occupations.

2013
UK
Utredning
Kulturarv

The Social benefits of heritage

Vinson, I. (ed)
Museum International
2011
Tidsskrift
Festival/arrangør

Knutepunkt - Kriterium for knutepunktstatus og vurdering av gjennomføring av knutepunktoppdraget

Kultur- og kyrkjedepartementet
Stortingsmelding 10, Kultur- og Kyrkjedepartementet, Oslo
2007
Norge
Stortingsmelding
Festival/arrangør

Barents festivals and the development of local identity

Karlsen, S.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå

The aim of the present study was to investigate how three specific music festivals, situated in the Barents region, contributed to development of local identity in their respective host municipalities. The aim was further explored through three research questions focussing on 1) how the festivals cooperated with local agents; 2) how the festivals participated in and contributed to processes of glocalisation; and 3) what kinds of stories that were told through the festivals about their respective host municipalities. The festivals investigated was the Festspel i Pite Älvdal (Sweden), the Festspillene i Nord-Norge (Norway) and the Jutajaiset Folklorefestivaali (Finland). The study was grounded in modernity theory as well as previous research on festivals’ contribution to development of local identity. Concerning the methodological aspects of the study, it was designed using an embedded multiple case-design, in which each of the festivals constituted one case and the three research questions functioned as the cases’ units of analysis. Hence, within-case as well as cross-case analysis was enabled. The empirical data consisted of field notes from participant observation of in all 58 festival events; interviews with the festivals’ directors and official representatives of the festivals’ host municipalities; and documentation in the form of festival programmes. The findings showed that all three festivals had extensive cooperation with a wide selection of local agents or stakeholders but also that the range and profoundness of this coopera tion seemed to depend on the festival management’s awareness of and focus towards the necessity of building and maintaining stakeholder relationships. This awareness seemed further to depend on the festival’s perceived self-identity, its degree of professionalism and institutional status. Regarding the participation in and contribution to processes of glocalisation, 17 aspects were found that were divided into the categories of reaching out; letting in; facilitating for meetings; and musical glocalisation. The festivals were seen to be narrators of history as well as telling meta-narratives about their host municipalities and thereby producing and reproducing collective self-images. The latter was exemplified in the Festspel i Pite Älvdal emphasising the local municipality as a centre in its own reality; the Festspillene i Nord-Norge strengthening the urban and displaying strong, international bonds; and the Jutajaiset Folklorefestivaali emphasising connections towards other peripheral and rural communities.

2008
Report
Generell

Asociación Española de Crowdfunding

Asociación Española de Crowdfunding
Guía de buenas prácticas

In this document, the Spanish Crowdfunding Association has exposed all the details related with tax liabilities and formalities in Spain. They have taken into account all types of crowdfunding and points of view of donors and entrepreneurs.

2013
Spain
Report
Generell

Asociación Española de Crowdfunding

Asociación Española de Crowdfunding
Informe de la encuesta de la Asociación Española de Crowdfunding sobre las plataformas españolas de crowdfunding

This short report is focused on a survey carried out to some of the Spanish crowdfunding platforms. Results are brief and general, but useful to imagine the Spanish context.

2014
Spain
Report
Generell

Crowdfunding’s potential for the developing world

Bank, T. W.

The rise of crowdfunding as a more distributed way to form capital is aligned with the changes in the flow and distribution of information (via the Internet) and the creation and distribution of manufacturing capabilities (maker spaces and fabrication centers). Existing securities regulations were not crafted for the social web. Governments and policy experts worldwide are considering the possible impact of crowdfunding and crowdfund investing and trying to fashion new regulations, empower new technologies, and equip entrepreneurs with sufficient information to decide if crowdfunding is a viable funding or investment vehicle for these enterprises. The rate of growth of crowdfunding, and its emergence in developing and developed countries, suggests that this phenomenon can become a tool in the innovation ecosystems of most countries.

2013
USA
Report
Generell

El crowdfunding y los españoles. Una historia de cambio social

Barral, L. M.,
Barral, P.

This study is focused on understanding the reasons why was crowdfunding born and its rise in Spain. The researchers surveyed more than 4.000 Internet users living in Spain. With this data, they have achieved interesting conclusions about the phenomena which influences knowledge and tendency to accept crowdfunding; how is social perception among people who know it; which are the main barriers and attractions to use it; and which are the reservations Internet users have about it.

2015
Spain
Report
Generell

¿Por qué la gente financia proyectos vía crowdfunding?

Barral, L. M.,
Barral, P.

This study is focused on understanding the reasons why backers finance projects with crowdfunding. Researchers surveyed more than 4.000 Lánzanos users, one of the biggest crowdfunding platforms in Spain. With this data, they have achieved interesting conclusions about the main reasons that  motivate donors to invest/donate their money, about different types of backers who coexist depending on their behavior, and about principal projects characteristics which attract or discourage backers.

2014
Spain
Report

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