Generell

Musikk, litteratur og visuell kunst i tall 2015

Holden Halmrast, H.,
Lorvik Nilsen, Ø.,
Brunsberg Refsli, P.,
Sjøvold, J.M.

Rapporten presenterer den samlede omsetningen for hver bransje ved å samle inn tall for tre hovedkategorier: salgsinntekter, opphavsrettsinntekter (vederlagsinntekter) og fremføringsinntekter.

Det er første gang det foreligger en samlet beskrivelse av den økonomiske omsetningen av visuell kunst i Norge. Nytt av året er også at statistikk for flere kunstbransjer blir samlet i én rapport. Kulturrådet har tidligere utgitt «Musikk i tall» og «Litteratur i tall» som egne publikasjoner. Sammenstillingen gir bedre oversikt og gjør det enklere å se de ulike næringene i en sammenheng. På det visuelle feltet er det samlet inn tall både for 2014 og 2015. På musikk- og litteraturfeltet presenteres utviklingen fra henholdsvis 2012 og 2013.

Tallmaterialet som er samlet inn gir grunnlag for å se noen overordnede trekk ved bransjene og gir også kunnskap om nyere utviklingstendenser. Eksempler på dette er veksten i det digitale markedet og utviklingen av kunsteksport.

2016
Norge
Rapport
Generell

Regionalisering av kulturpolitikken

2016-08

Regionrformen vil innebære at fylker erstattes med regioner. Sammenlignet med fylkene vil regionene få en mer strategisk funksjon, men de vil også få økt forvaltningsansvar.  Kultur er ett område hvor regionene kan få økt ansvar. Proba har i samarbeid med NIBR vurdert hvilke oppgaver på kulturområdet som kan overføres til regionene og hvordan dette kan gjøres. Den svenske ”Kultursamverkandsmodellen” har klare styrker og kan brukes som utgangspunkt. Det er KS som har finansiert utredningen.

2016
Norge
Rapport
Generell

Cultural and Creative Industries Concept – A Historical Perspective

Moore, I.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 110, Pages 738-746

Innovation and creativity are broadly used terms and Creative Economy concept is present in European and other countries policy documents, including EU policy, UNDP and other international organization strategies. In Latvia the use of the Creative Industries term increases, however the understanding of its implications often causes confusion, both among policy makers and the broader public. The aim of this article is to establish a better understanding of the principles of Cultural and Creative Industries and the concept of a Creative Economy using historical reasoning from relevant literature. Formal use of the term Creative Industries is quite recent (1994), marking the digital era of cultural industries and creativity. However there are roots back to the industrial revolution and urbanization, cultural industries from the 1930s, popular culture, ideology distributed through mass media and contra culture rebelling against the capitalist drive of mass culture.

2014
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Economic modeling of innovation in the creative industries and its implications

Bae, S.H.,
Yoo, K.
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume 96, Pages 101-110

The purpose of this paper is to provide economic modeling and its implications to government policy in promoting and financing innovation in the creative industries. First, we develop a rational expectation model with emphasis on network externalities (NE) within the creative industries, and on the moral hazard problem due to the presence of asymmetric information in a loan market for innovation. Interactions between firms' and banks' expectations play an important role in determining which of the two equilibria occurs: one with low NE and the other with high NE. Then, we show the effectiveness of policies that critically depend on the current equilibrium and how discrepancies between the expectations converge to a new equilibrium. This paper develops a theoretical model and also empirically tests some implications of the model using OECD country level data (2000–2013). The theoretical results show that policies aiming at promoting innovation in the creative industries actually decrease the equilibrium level of innovation as well as banks' confidence and network externalities in low NE equilibrium even with the presence of the positive effect of lowering the critical mass; the opposite outcomes are observed in high NE equilibrium. Other implications of government policies are also discussed.

2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Art and Culture, Economics of

Ginsburgh, V.A.
Elsevier

The article provides an overview since the starting point of the field in the mid-1960s, its main developments, strengths, and weaknesses and suggests new research avenues.

2015
Bokkapittel
Generell

Creative Industries Impact on National Economy in Regard to Sub-sectors

Daubaraitė, U.,
Startienė, G.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Volume 213, Pages 129-134

This paper aims to define impact of creative industries (CI) on national economy in regard to sub-sectors. Employing systematic, logical and comparative analysis of scientific literature, as well as analysis of empirical data, authors define and classify the most important CI sub-sectors that impact national economy. Due to this, the value of this paper is theoretical definition, systematization and evaluation of the sub-sectors defining the impact of CI on national economy. The findings of this research provide the basis for targeted funding in order to foster and develop CI impact on national economy.

2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Managing ambidexterity in creative industries: A survey

Wu, Y.,
Wu, S.
Journal of Business Research
Volume 69, Issue 7, Pages 2388-2396

This paper reviews and synthesizes the research on how creative industry organizations (CIOs) achieve alignment ambidexterity and adaptability ambidexterity. This survey highlights the dominance of the contextual approach among CIOs, which arises through practices and processes of internal orientation and external engagement. The survey suggests promising areas for future research in clarifying the contingency factors through which various ambidexterity solutions are adopted in CIOs. These contingency factors include different forms of ambidexterity, concerns about paradoxical tensions, and industrial characteristics. These findings have useful implications for other economic sectors. The paper argues for an enriched ambidexterity research agenda in which creative industries deserve greater attention.

2015
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

The cultural economy in the digital age: A revolution in intermediation?

Benghozi, P-J.,
Paris, T.
City, Culture and Society
Volume 7(2), p 75-80

The new digital economy seemingly is leading to the disappearance of intermediaries. Externalities and the ongoing comparison of competitors favor dominant players; creators and producers also can distribute their content directly to consumers, bypassing any intermediaries. This movement exhibits some contradictory tendencies though. Online transactions give space to various unforeseen intermediation patterns involving contractual relations, information processing, and customer relations. In doing so, they alter cultural sectors and fundamentally challenge traditional organizations and revenues. This overhaul particularly affects economic actors, selection and creative processes, distribution channels, and cultural practices, as well as production structures. Accordingly, the Internet has had notable effects on the complexity of artistic and cultural markets. Various cultural fields thus reveal the emergence and simultaneous development of different ways to create, produce, make available, and charge for contents—that is, different business models. These unfamiliar intermediations drive reorganizations of cultural industries, because they invent innovative economic terms, restructure common forms of creation and recommendation, prompt new forms of entrepreneurship, and stimulate competition by newcomers. This study scrutinizes all these reconfigurations according to three current developments in cultural industries: the vast increase of available contents, the solid entrepreneurial dynamics in online markets, and renewed business models.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Entrepreneurship in different contexts in cultural and creative industries

Porfírio, J.A.,
Carrilho, T.,
Mónico, L.S.
Journal of Business Research
Volume 69(11), p 5117-5123

This study analyzes how hard and soft conditions influence the development of entrepreneurship in cultural and creative industries (CCIs). The study further examines what influence the context has on the effect of these conditions. A multiple multivariate regression analysis examines the importance of both the hard and soft conditions to explain the differences between the United Kingdom and the Mediterranean countries of Portugal, Spain, and Greece. The sample comprises 123 entrepreneurs from the four countries. The use of this method represents an important contribution to the understanding of entrepreneurship dynamics and for the further fine-tuning of entrepreneurship policies in CCIs in different contexts.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Offentlig støtte til privat innovasjon - omfang, varighet og gjengangere

Rybalka, M.
Økonomiske analyser
2/2016, s 34-45

Skattefunn-ordningen, innovasjonsprogrammene til Innovasjon Norge og næringslivsprogrammene til Norges forskningsråd er blant de viktigste virkemidlene for forskning og utvikling (FoU) og innovasjon i Norge. Hvem bruker disse støtteordningene? Er det noen mobilitet blant brukere av hver ordning over tid? Hvor menings- fylt er det å sammenlikne effekter av ulike typer virkemidler? Dette er problemstillinger i denne analysen som undersøker graden av gjentatt bruk av offentlig støtte samt interaksjon mellom ulike virkemidler. 

2016
Norge
Artikkel
Antall publikasjoner i denne databasen: 247

Karin Ibenholt er ansvarlig for denne databasen. Send gjerne forslag til endringer eller bidrag til henne.