Festival/arrangør

Festivals: seeking artistic distinction in a crowded field.

KLAIC, D.
In Anheier, H.K., Isar, R. Y. (eds): Cultures and Globalization: The Cultural Economy. Sage Publishing. s260-269
This chapter argues that expectations of economic returns from international artistic festivals are highly exaggerated: only a handful among them actually generate such returns thanks to factors such as location, size, tourist appeal and reputation. The author reviews the economic conditions of festival production in different regions of the world and pleads for public support, rather than tenuous sponsorship arrangements, as the key guarantor of stability and quality. Festivals generate cultural capital but fail to grow it by using digital technology and building client loyalty among audiences. Public authorities rarely develop clear funding policies that set cultural, social and economic objectives for the festivals they support and provide criteria for monitoring, evaluation and funding decisions.
2008
Ungarn
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Stakeholder Management Strategies of Festivals.

ANDERSSON, T.,
GETZ, D.
Journal of Convention & Event Tourism. 9(3), 199-220
9(3), 199-220
The extent to which festivals can function as sustainable attractions, while fulfilling their social and cultural roles at the community level, is an issue of considerable importance. In this context, sustainability will often depend upon the political and tangible support of key stakeholders. Accordingly, this article addresses festival stakeholder issues and related management strategies, with the dual aims of contributing to event management theory and improving festival viability. A questionnaire survey of 14 live-music festivals in Sweden yielded data on stakeholder types, dependency issues, and stakeholder management strategies. With regard to their long-term sustainability, festival managers indicated the importance of attaining ‘institutional status,’ occupying a unique ‘niche’ in the community, sustaining committed stakeholders, and practicing constant innovation.
2008
Sverige
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

The Cultural Manager as Global Citizen

DEVERAUX, C,
VARTIAINEN, P. (Eds)
HUMAK
The idea for an international symposium on cultural management and the state of the discipline arose out of an acute need for discussion and documentation of the current state of thinking about the field in a way that would lead towards greater definition and systematization of its theories, methods, and practices. The symposium, Cultural Management and the State of the Field, called together a group of interested scholars, researchers, practitioners, and students in April 18-20, 2007 in Helsinki, Finland for focused discussion around a series of questions on the theme of the cultural manager as global citizen. The selection of this theme by the symposium organizers was to respond to debates about the effects on the field of cultural management as the result of globalization / transnationalism, enlargement of the EU, perceptions of the US relating to cultural hegemony, perceptions and realities relating to cultural identity and cultural citizenship, as well as the effect of these factors on the role of cultural managers in the 21st century. The present report presents the results of those discussions with commentary by the editors. The purpose is to provide material for reflection by others in the field who are interested in further discussion and reflection about the issues, methods, practices, and theories that define the field of cultural management. It is necessary to note at the outset, however, that the participants and organizers of the event make no claim that the documented discussions are comprehensive or representative of the field as a whole, while maintaining, at the same time, that such a limitation does not detract from the value of this book and its aims.
2008
Finland
bok
Festival/arrangør

Urban ethnic festivals, neighborhoods, and the multiple realities of marketing place.

MCCLINCHEY, K. A.
Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing. 25(3-4) 251-264
25(3-4) 251-264
Cultural festivals are often planned as part of place marketing, image branding, and civic boosterism to aid in the regeneration of urban areas. While complexities surrounding place, marketing, and festivals have been acknowledged with regard to large scale events, little is known about ethnic festivals in urban neighborhoods. It is important to understand festival places and the factors that challenge place marketing in urban neighborhood spaces. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the multiple realities of place with respect to ethnic festivals. It is a case study approach of four neighborhoods and their street festivals in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. A discussion reveals such key realities as politics and image, social identity and representation, cultural authenticity and neighborhood differentiation as concerns for festival promotion and place marketing. In order to ensure ethnic festivals instil strong meanings of place and belonging for community members, place marketing must acknowledge the complexities of places and market and manage them properly relative to the developing community. The multiple realities of places at the scale of festival, neighborhood, and city need to be acknowledged in order to address the deeper meanings and complexities that exist with regard to these unique and evolving ethnic spaces.
2008
Kanada
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Cultural and Sporting Events: An Opportunity for Developing Tourist Destinations and the Tourist Industry

GROUPE AMNYOS CONSULTANTS
European Commission
The impact of a cultural or sporting event on sustainable tourism development of a destination, strongly depends on the quality of the partnerships set up before, during and after the event. The partnerships must be at the heart of the action, on all levels. They must strongly integrate the different actors throughout the process. It is for this reason that a Practical Guide is necessary for: Defining the key factors for the success of a CSE, so it can participate to the development of the destination; Formalize the different steps of its elaboration; Define and improve the coordination of each actor's role (public and private), associated to the conception and organization of the CSE. The practical guide presented in this document answers to three main requirements: organize the awareness and mobilization of all actors concerning the potential represented by the CSE and the need of partnerships; present the key factors allowing optimization of the CSE impact, socially, economically, environmentally and on tourism; and improve the role definition for actors involved in the organization of CSE: local authorities, CSE organizers, tourism orientated SME and the local population. This guide should enable all actors to improve the rationalization of their work methods, teamwork, define a shared project conduct, so that the hosting destination can fully benefit from all the impacts generated by the CSE.
2007
Frankrike
Rapport
Festival/arrangør

Event Studies. Theory research and policy for planned events. Events Management Series

GETZ, D.
Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann
Event Studies is the only book devoted to developing knowledge and theory about planned events. This book focuses on event planning and management, outcomes, the experience of events and the meanings attached to them, the dynamic processes shaping events and why people attend them. The book draws from a large number of foundation disciplines and closely related professional fields, to foster interdisciplinary theory focused on planned events. It brings together important discourses on events including event management, event tourism, and the study of events within various disciplines that are able to shed light on the roles, importance and impacts of events in society and culture.
2007
Kanada/Sverige
bok
Festival/arrangør

Festival Stakeholder roles: concepts and case studies.

GETZ, D. ,
ANDERSSON, T. ,
LARSON, M.
Event Management 10(2) 103-122
10(2) 103-122
In this exploratory research, multiple case studies of various types of festivals in two countries reveal how festival managers work with stakeholders and who they are. Stakeholders' roles are categorized as regulator, facilitator, co producer, supplier, collaborator, audience, and the impacted, and the results show clearly that key stakeholders take multiple roles affecting the organization. Practical implications are drawn for event managers regarding the identification, evaluation, and management of stakeholder relationships. Drawing on resource dependency and stakeholder theories, a conceptual model is presented that illustrates the conclusion that festivals and events are produced within and by a set of managed stakeholder relationships. Recommendations are made for development of this line of research and theory building.
2007
Kanada/Sverige
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Festivalising! : theatrical events, politics and culture.

Hauptfleisch, T.,
Lev-Aladgem, S. ,
Martin, J.,
Sauter, W., Schoenmakers, H. (eds)
Rodopi/Brill, Amsterdam
Throughout the world festivals are growing – in numbers, in size, in significance – and serve as spaces where aesthetic encounters, religious and political celebrations, economic investments and public entertainment can take place. In this sense, festivals are theatrical events. This volume contains discussions of 14 diverse festival events from five continents across the globe, written by members of the IFTR/FIRT Working Group on the Theatrical Event, the same group that has produced the ground-breaking study Theatrical Events – Borders Dynamics Frames in 2004. The events discussed here range from traditional carnivals and festivals to more controversial theatre, dance and opera festivals, children's festivals and community events, as well as saints' and workers' festivities. All of these constitute part of the local playing cultures and take on significant political roles, nationally and regionally. The authors explore and extend the theoretical frames of reference for any contemporary discussion of theatrical events and festivals, in order to provide a new and fresh perspective on past and present festival culture across the globe.
2007
Nederland
bok
Festival/arrangør

Glastonbury Festivals 2007: Economic Impact Assessment

BAKER ASSOCIATES
The study's purpose is to improve the understanding of the impacts of the Festival by quantifying the overall economic impact upon the local and the wider area surrounding the Festival. The main key components for the assessment of the impacts are the visitors, the traders, the local businesses in the area, the organizations and key players in the Festival and the expenditure patterns of the Festival.
2007
Storbritannia
Rapport
Festival/arrangør
2007
Nederland
bok
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