Festival/arrangør

Kuhmo Chamber Music Festival. The structure of the festival's economy and the economic impact of the festival

KARJALAINEN, T.
Arts Council of Finland
The purpose of this paper is to introduce a practitioner's point of view into the analytical discussions of cultural economics. The author has had a managerial position for almost two decades in the organization of a cultural festival, the Kuhmo Chamber Music Festival. There, she has observed the development of the festival from a small interim one into an established international one.
1991
Finland
Rapport
Festival/arrangør

Så samles vi på festivalen

Fløgstad, K.
Litteraturen mellom staten og marknadet: rapport frå konferanse på Ustaoset, Noregs Allmennvitenskapelege Forskningsråd, Oslo
16.-18.09.1992
1992
Norge
Annet
Festival/arrangør

Jazz and knitwear. Factors that attract tourists to festivals.

SALEH, F.,
RYAN, C.
Tourism Management 14(4) 289-297
14(4) 289-297
This paper briefly reviews literature relating to festivals, and then it reports its findings from a sample attending two festivals in Saskatchewan, Canada. A jazz and a handcrafts festival were studied as being representative of ‘cultural product’ festivals. The quality of program emerged as the most important factor for tourists, but contextual elements including the accessibility and the program arrangements were also relevant. For the majority of festival-goers, other recreational and cultural facilities were unimportant.
1993
Kanada
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Measuring the economic impact of festivals and events: some myths, misapplications and ethical dilemmas.

CROMPTON, J. ,
MCKAY, S.
Festival Management & Event Tour. 2, p 33-43
2, p 33-43
The purpose of this paper is to alert festival organizers to the most common sources of error in economic impact studies. Data from a study undertaken by the authors is used to illustrate five of these errors: the use of incremental rather than true multipliers; the use of sales rather than income multipliers; misrepresentation of employment multipliers; the inclusion of local residents and the failure to exclude "time-switchers" and "casuals". The paper concludes with consideration of two other concerns which, if not addressed, are likely to lead decision-makers to overly optimistic conclusions when reviewing results of an economic impact study: the displacement costs and the costs of negative impacts that accrue to a community as a result of staging an event.
1994
USA
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

European Festivals

VERHOEF, M
European Festivals Association
The book is a history of the European Festivals Association and was originally written to mark the 40th anniversary of its foundation in 1952. Various aspects of the history of the Association are discussed through the book.
1995
Belgia
bok
Festival/arrangør

Measuring the Tax Impacts of an International Festival: Justification for Government Sponsorship.

TURCO, D.
Festival Management and Event Tourism. 2(3-4) 191-195
2(3-4) 191-195
Many large-scale festivals and special events are held in public places, requiring formal authorization and contractual arrangements with government entities prior to operation. Event organizers may require other government services such as traffic control, emergency medical rescue, and refuse collection, with their financial costs either paid by the organizer or waived or discounted by the government provider. The purpose of this study was to assess the state and local tax revenues generated from expenditures attributed to a large-scale staged tourist attraction, the 1993 Kodak Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta, Inc. (KAIBF, Inc.). Local and state gross receipts sales tax rates were applied to direct expenditure totals to estimate the fiscal impact of the event. In this case, the City of Albuquerque directly received $2,221,720 in gross receipts and lodging tax revenues, and the State of New Mexico received $1,323,237 in gross receipts taxes and $900,041 in gasoline tax revenues. By describing the economic stimulus and local tax revenues generated by the special event, the organizer bargains from a position of strength and may possess considerable "leverage" in subsequent negotiations with local government in the costs for services.
1995
USA
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

The Effect of an Economic Impact Study on Sponsorship Development for a Festival: A Case Study.

PETERSON, K.,
CRAYTON, C.
Festival Management and Event Tourism. 2(3-4) 185-190(6)
2(3-4) 185-190(6)
The key to both the financial and community success of a festival or major event is the participation of sponsors. The annual Cherry Blossom Festival in Macon, Georgia, is an example successfully using an economic impact study to turn a small, local festival into a highly successful, international event. In 1990, organizers of the Festival commissioned an internationally known marketing research firm to conduct an economic impact study for that year's Festival. Five basic research steps were undertaken, including site visits, telephone interviews, and an on-site visitor expenditure survey of festival-goers. The study determined that the Cherry Blossom Festival had a $4.29 million impact on Macon and Bibb County in 1990. The study also showed that nearly 191,000 people attended at least one event in 1990. Macon's residents support the festival through volunteering and attendance. These results have had a spectacular impact on the direction and growth of the festival as it continues to expand its events, capabilities, and sponsors. A professional, unbiased economic impact study provides the documentation necessary for a festival to demonstrate return on investment to corporate sponsors and attract sanctioned events, in-kind donations, officials, media sponsors, and the community support that make it successful.
1995
USA
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Mens vi venter på festivalenes festival - Refleksjoner rundt Festivalen - og to teaterfestivaler

Gran, A-B.
Spillerom: Norsk Teatersentrums tidsskrift for dans og teater, Norsk teatersentrum, Oslo
Nr. 3/1995
1995
Norge
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Fakkelstafetten, en olympisk ouverture (kap. 3)

Klausen, A. M.,
Berkaas, O. A.,
Aslaksen, E. K.,
Puijk, R.,
Rudie, I.,
Archetti, E.
Ad Notam Gyldendal, Oslo
(kap. 3)
1995
Norge
Bokkapittel
Festival/arrangør

Fakkelstafetten, en olympisk ouverture (kap. 4)

Klausen, A. M.,
Berkaas, O. A.,
Aslaksen, E. K.,
Puijk, R.,
Rudie, I.,
Archetti, E.
Ad Notam Gyldendal, Oslo
(kap. 4)
1995
Norge
Bokkapittel
Antall publikasjoner i denne databasen: 552

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