Film

Norsk film i møte med kinopublikum. Analyse av kinobesøket på norske filmer 2003-2006

Kalvik, A.,
Risvik, J.

I denne rapporten er samtlige filmer i perioden 2003 til midten av desember 2006 analysert med tanke på kinobesøk. Undersøkelsen tar utgangspunkt i FILM&KINOs rangeringsliste over landets kinoer for det gjeldende driftsår.

Norge
Rapport
Kunstnere

Art as collective action

Becker, H.
American Sociological Review

Art works can be conceived as the product of the cooperative activity of many people. Some of these people are customarily defined as artists, others as support personnel. The artist's dependence on support personnel constraiizs the range of artistic possibilities available to him. Cooperation is mediated by the use of artistic conventions, whose existence both makes the production of work easier and innovation more difficult. Artistic innovations occur when artists discover alternate means of assembling the resources necessary. This conception of an art world made up of personnel cooperating via conventions has implications for the sociological analysisof social organization.

1974
USA
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Festival! Ideas for community festival organizers

INTERNATIONAL FESTIVALS ASSOCIATION
Ministry of Culture and Recreation, Canada
1975
Kanada
Rapport
Kunstnere

Production organizations in the arts.

DiMaggio, P.,
Hirsch, P.
Sage

DiMaggio and Hirsch describe the cycle from creation to consumption through which art is produced. Using an organizational model which could be applied to most culture-producing milieux, they focus on three levels of analysis: interpersonal, interorganizational, and total system. Production Organizations in the Arts - ResearchGate. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/247751011_Production_Organizations_in_the_Arts [accessed Jun 18, 2015].

1976
USA
bok
Generell

Cultural Industries, a challange for the future culture

UNESCO
United Nations

The purpose of the texts gathered together in this publication is to set out the main problems involved in the definition of the term ‘cultural industries’, their scope, their mode of operation, some of their branches, their effect on social groups, the key problems of creative workers, phenomena of internationalization and the various forms of public and private intervention.

1982
Internasjonalt
bok
Generell

Cultural industries: a handicap or a new opportunity for cultural development?

Augustin, G
UNESCO

The purpose of the texts gathered together in this publication is to set out the main problems involved in the definition of the term "cultural industries", their scope, their mode of operation, some of their branches, their effect on social groups, the key problems of creative workers, phenomena of internationalization and the various forms of public and private intervention

1982
Frankrike
bok
Kunstnere

City Centres, City Cultures: the role of the arts in the revitalisation of towns and cities

CLES (Centre for Local Economic Studies)
CLES

Bok om betydningen av kunst i byer og tettsteder

1988
UK
Utredning
Festival/arrangør

Evaluating management effectiveness in community-run festivals.

GETZ, D. ,
FRISBY, W.
Journal of Travel Research. 07/1988 27(1) 22-27
The nature and effectiveness of voluntary management in community-run festivals is explored. A systematic framework was developed to evaluate effectiveness and was tested on a sample of community--run festivals. Conclusions include suggested guidelines for improving the effectiveness of festivals as tourist attractions and hypotheses regarding the meaning and measurement of management effectiveness in these settings
1988
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

The inter-relationship between tourism and opera performances at Buxton. Festival in Derbyshire.

HUGHES, H.L.
City University London
The aim of the study was to consider whether opera performances could exert an influence such that audiences travel and stay away from home overnight in order to experience those performances. In particular, it was to be considered whether such visits were undertaken as a holiday and whether opera was the sole or most important reason for that holiday. Additionally, an opera-producing organization (Buxton Arts Festival) was to be studied in order to assess its recognition of the tourism connection and any influence of that upon the organization. It was concluded, from an examination and synthesis of existing work, that there were grounds for believing that some of those in an opera audience could be tourists and holiday tourists for whom opera dominated as the reason for the tourist visit. A consideration of Buxton, the geographical location of the opera performances, confirmed its partial function as a tourist resort. Concern about the present and future nature of that function was identified. The Festival company was studied through a combination of observation, examination of internal papers and discussions. It was concluded that the company had acknowledged a need for and/or a desire to attract audiences from a widespread area. This tourism dimension did not dominate policy nor influence the product. Audiences at Festival operas were surveyed directly and by post. The surveys showed that there were tourists in the audiences and also those who classified their tourist visit as a holiday. For both holiday and non-holiday tourists it was concluded that the operas had been the most important factors influencing the decision to visit. Despite some differences between holiday and non-holiday tourists, the factors causing the holiday/non-holiday distinction remained unclear. The distinction between the tourist and non-tourist was largely, though not necessarily, one of distance from Buxton.
1988
Avhandling
Festival/arrangør

Festival management: A case study perspective

FRISBY, W.,
GETZ, D.
Journal of Travel Research 28(1) 7-11
A case study analysis of festival management is presented to determine how the tourism potential of these events can be improved. The results highlight some of the unique management problems that festival organizers face which are often a reflection of the stage of growth of the organization and stage in the product life cycle. Recommendations for festival organizers and tourism agencies are provided.
1989
Artikkel
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