Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Festival! Ideas for community festival organizers

INTERNATIONAL FESTIVALS ASSOCIATION
Ministry of Culture and Recreation, Canada
1975
Kanada
Rapport
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Evaluating management effectiveness in community-run festivals.

GETZ, D. ,
FRISBY, W.
Journal of Travel Research. 07/1988 27(1) 22-27
The nature and effectiveness of voluntary management in community-run festivals is explored. A systematic framework was developed to evaluate effectiveness and was tested on a sample of community--run festivals. Conclusions include suggested guidelines for improving the effectiveness of festivals as tourist attractions and hypotheses regarding the meaning and measurement of management effectiveness in these settings
1988
Artikkel
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

The inter-relationship between tourism and opera performances at Buxton. Festival in Derbyshire.

HUGHES, H.L.
City University London
The aim of the study was to consider whether opera performances could exert an influence such that audiences travel and stay away from home overnight in order to experience those performances. In particular, it was to be considered whether such visits were undertaken as a holiday and whether opera was the sole or most important reason for that holiday. Additionally, an opera-producing organization (Buxton Arts Festival) was to be studied in order to assess its recognition of the tourism connection and any influence of that upon the organization. It was concluded, from an examination and synthesis of existing work, that there were grounds for believing that some of those in an opera audience could be tourists and holiday tourists for whom opera dominated as the reason for the tourist visit. A consideration of Buxton, the geographical location of the opera performances, confirmed its partial function as a tourist resort. Concern about the present and future nature of that function was identified. The Festival company was studied through a combination of observation, examination of internal papers and discussions. It was concluded that the company had acknowledged a need for and/or a desire to attract audiences from a widespread area. This tourism dimension did not dominate policy nor influence the product. Audiences at Festival operas were surveyed directly and by post. The surveys showed that there were tourists in the audiences and also those who classified their tourist visit as a holiday. For both holiday and non-holiday tourists it was concluded that the operas had been the most important factors influencing the decision to visit. Despite some differences between holiday and non-holiday tourists, the factors causing the holiday/non-holiday distinction remained unclear. The distinction between the tourist and non-tourist was largely, though not necessarily, one of distance from Buxton.
1988
Avhandling
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Festival management: A case study perspective

FRISBY, W.,
GETZ, D.
Journal of Travel Research 28(1) 7-11
A case study analysis of festival management is presented to determine how the tourism potential of these events can be improved. The results highlight some of the unique management problems that festival organizers face which are often a reflection of the stage of growth of the organization and stage in the product life cycle. Recommendations for festival organizers and tourism agencies are provided.
1989
Artikkel
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Special events: Defining the product.

GETZ, D.
Tourism Management. 10(2) 125-137
Special events are a unique form of tourism product, but they should not be viewed narrowly as mere attractions for exploitation in tourism development schemes. This article discusses five different but interrelated perspectives on the event product, and argues that effective event planning and management must be based on a comprehensive model. Conclusions are drawn concerning potentially useful research themes for increasing our understanding of events and improving events tourism planning.
1989
Artikkel
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

The arts festival work kit

KORZA, P.,
MAGIE, D.

 

An arts festival - whether a one-time extravaganza or a regular offering of your organization - is a unique way for people to experience the arts. In this book, one can find a detailed guide for planning, organizing, funding, implementing and evaluating an arts festival. Included are ideas that have been collected from festival producers all over the USA. The aim is to present many possibilities, recommendations and reminders with an understanding of underlying issues and thinking. The book's effectiveness depends on how it is used. It should be adapted with the reader's specific environment and needs in mind.
1989
bok
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Special Events - the Art and Science of Celebration

GOLDBLATT, J.
Van Nostrand Reinhold
The variety of events that are celebrated today and the countless ways in which they are celebrated, means that coordinating special events is no longer a profitable sideline but a profession in its own right. Creating an extraordinary experience for the guest, satisfying the client/host's needs, and maintaining effective communications with individual expert suppliers are the keys to the success of any special event, and this book explains how all these goals can be achieved. It opens with a look at the role of the special events planner, including 115 interviews with some of the most successful practitioners in the USA, Canada and UK. It then examines the various components of a special event, discussing space, decor, lighting, sound, videos, laser lights, pyrotechnics, tents, catering, music, entertainment, and more. The use of each of these elements in the five primary special events markets, the social, retail, meeting/ convention, corporate, and government spheres, is explored, and examples of memorable special events that have incorporated these elements are recounted by the professionals who supply them. The second half of the text describes a wide range of functions, affairs, and events.
1990
bok
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

The economic impact of rural festivals and special events: assessing the spatial distribution of expenditures.

LONG, T. P.,
PERDUE, R. R.
Managing Event Operations 277-286
The spatial distribution of the expenditures associated with a rural arts and crafts festival was examined. Of the nonresident expenditures associated with the festival, the mean percentage spent in the community by the survey respondents was 69.7%. Importantly, however, 77.9% of this spending was to the festival booths, many of which were not operated by local residents. More specifically, of the $43,689 spent by the survey respondents, $32, 719 (74.9%) was to entities outside the local economy. While the generalizability of these results is limited, the findings imply that research which fails to correct for nonlocal spending may significantly overestimate the economic benefits of festivals to the host community.
1990
Artikkel
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

The Role of Municipalities in Developing Festivals and Special Events in Ontario 77-82

FRISBY, W.,
GETZ, D.
Leisure challenges: bringing people, resources, and policy into play. Proceedings of the Sixth Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, May 9-12, 1990, University of Waterloo
The study's main focus is to determine the role of municipal departments in the development and management of festivals in the province of Ontario, Canada, through the conduction of a survey delivered to Parks, Recreation and Economic Development officials all over the region. Respondents are asked generally about festivals and special events in their communities and about the specific ones in which their municipality is involved as well as the types of involvement: policies, staffing, budgeting, promotion, benefits sought and problem areas. The results show little consistency across the region regarding the roles of the municipalities are playing in the development and management of festivals and other events. While most common issues are the lack of volunteers, limited resources and difficulties in the coordination of large communities, unpredictable weather and competition from other events; most of the municipalities support such events with facilities, finances, staff, clean-up, equipment and promotion.
1990
Artikkel
Festivaler/arrangørvirksomhet

Festivals, Special Events and Tourism

GETZ, D.
Van Nostrand Reinhold
Festivals and public celebrations are found in all societies. Together with a variety of other special events they are increasingly seen as unique tourist attractions and as destination image makers. This book is intended to satisfy a growing need for concepts and practical advice on the links between festivals, special events and tourism. The specific objectives of the book are as follows: to develop a systemic approach to the planning, development, and marketing of festivals and special events as tourist attractions, catalysts, and image builders for attractions and destination areas; to provide practical planning and marketing methods and techniques for use by tourist organizations and event managers and organizers; to illustrate key concepts and methods through the presentation of examples and case studies from many settings; to illustrate the potential benefits and costs of event tourism, as well as ways to maximize benefits and prevent or ameliorate costs; to explore the meaning of 'specialness' as it applies to festivals and events, and distinguish special events from other types of tourist attractions; and finally, to draw conclusions as to the research, planning, and evaluation necessary to advance the field of event tourism.
1991
bok

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