Festival/arrangør

Volunteer Perception of Learning and Satisfaction in a Mega-Event: The Case of the XVII Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer

Elstad, B.
Festival Management and Event Tourism

Volunteers' performance is a central success factor for many mega-events. This article focuses on volunteers' learning and satisfaction during the XVII Olympic Winter Games in Lillehammer. The 50 students in the sample report an overall satisfaction with their participation. Important variables that were discovered related to volunteers' satisfaction include personal network, participation in the celebratory atmosphere, job-related competence, welfare issues, and job characteristics. With regard to volunteers' learning, they experienced increased social skills, job-specific competence, and knowledge about society. The results from this exploratory study clearly show the need for further research on volunteer management at mega-events. 

1997
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Continuance commitment and reasons to quit: A study of volunteers at a jazz festival

Elstad, B.
Event Management

This article reports the results of a study of volunteers' continuance commitment and reasons to quit at a festival. The study of 221 volunteers at a large jazz festival in Norway indicated that both motivational factors and factors related to the festival context were important in explaining volunteers' continuance commitment. Furthermore, about 30% of the volunteers had considered quitting as a volunteer. Reasons why they had considered quitting as volunteers at the festival were also identified.

2002
England
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

European Capitals of Culture: elitism or inclusion? The case of Stavanger 2008

Fitjar, R. D.,
Rommetvedt, H.,
Berg, C.
International Journal of Cultural Policy

Who participates in the European Capital of Culture? This article analyses participation in Stavanger, European Capital of Culture (ECOC) in 2008, drawing on data from a survey conducted among a cross-section of the population of the city and its closest surrounds. It examines whether there is systematic variation in the number and type of events attended across key social background characteristics such as gender, age, education and income, as well as interest in culture. It finds systematic, but small differences between the genders, age groups and people of different educational attainment, and no differences between people with high and low income. Participation levels are high in all social strata. However, interest in culture is an important predictor of participation. Differences in social background and cultural interest matter more for participation in high-brow events. The authors conclude that the ECOC event was fairly inclusive of different population segments.

2013
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Contemporary Festival: Polyphony of voices and some new agents

Fjell, L.
Studia ethnologica Croatia, Zagreb

The concepts and roles of new, modern festivals of today are the most striking and the most visible within the field of culture. Alongside their popularity and multiple set of new “voices”, there come politics, money and business. Traditionally, this combination of thought and ideology would eventually escalate into a conflict of interests. Through empirical examples the author of this paper will give an outline of how such a conflict emerges by using the “model of conflict” by Eric Brahm. He will outline categories of agents within the field of festivals.

2007
Crotia
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Mens vi venter på festivalenes festival - Refleksjoner rundt Festivalen - og to teaterfestivaler

Gran, A-B.
Spillerom: Norsk Teatersentrums tidsskrift for dans og teater, Norsk teatersentrum, Oslo
1995
Norge
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Festivals, Spatiality and the New Europe

Hansen, K.
Ethnologia Europea, Museum Tusculanums forlag, Copenhagen

The principal purpose of this article is to pay attention to events that emphasize and give profile to local, everyday life. It also focuses on "the multiplicity of Europe" and the politics of distinction through local markets, national commemoration days and open-air museums. Cultural heritage is presented as an ongoing process of production and re-production of meaning in these events. The article raises questions about how we can conduct fieldwork on matters as elusive as "the presence of Europe", and the sensory experiences of taking part in ceremonial activities.

2004
Denmark
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Riddu Riđđu – et sted å lære?

Hauan, M. A.
Karlsøy og verden utenfor. Kulturhistoriske perspektiver på nordnorske steder. Festskrift til professor Håvard Dahl Bratrein på 70-årsdagen, Universitetsmuseet, Tromsø museum, Tromsø
2003
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Riddu Riddu

Halldén, I.
Fjärde Varlden, Föreningen Fjärde Varlden, Solna

En festival i Nordnorge som gått från förnyelse av sjösamisk identitet till mötesarena för ursprungsfolk. 

2010
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

From institutions to events - structural change in Norwegian local cultural policy

Henningsen, E.,
Håkonsen, L.,
Løyland, K.
International Journal of Cultural Policy

In this paper we discuss the ongoing restructuring of local cultural policy in Norway. Since the 1990s, we argue, the local cultural sector has been undergoing a structural change, in the form of a movement from institutions to events. As public resources granted to traditional local cultural institutions such as libraries and culture schools decrease, there is a rise in resources granted to new arenas of local cultural life, such as cultural festivals and culture houses. We explain this shift of balance from institutions to events in local cultural policy with reference to three types of mechanism. First, we point to the ‘flexibilisation’ of the cultural sector, which ensues from its sensitivity to changes in the funding of the local governments. Second, new forms of earmarked state funding schemes pull local resources in the direction of cultural festivals and cultural events. A third mechanism that explains the shift from institutions to events is local policymakers’ adoption of theories of culture as a source of urban and regional regeneration.

2015
England
Artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Cultural tourism innovation systems. The Roskilde Festival

Hjalager, A. M.
Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, Oxfordshire: Routledge

It is only recently that the “innovation systems approach” has become a framework for micro‐economic research in new institutional economics in tourism‐related businesses and activities. There is still much to be explored. Cultural tourism phenomena constitute noteworthy objects for illustrative case studies, embedded as they are in business as well as maintaining relations with public governance structures and voluntary organizations. Since 1971, Roskilde Festival (Denmark) has developed its role as a leading element in an emerging cultural innovation system. Festival organizers maintain long‐term, dense and multi‐faceted relations. Funds from the (non‐profit) festival are efficiently channelled into cultural and sports facilities, enhancing the attractiveness of the region. To keep ahead in the festival market, innovators in the field of managerial systems, technologies and services are deliberately invited to use the grounds as test benches for new ideas. The concept of innovation systems allows for a better understanding of the complex driving forces and mechanisms that mediate the conditions, the extent and the outcomes of innovative behaviour. Roskilde is a not static event. Since 2001 especially, wider ranging organizational structures have been constructed and politically enforced with the aim of nurturing spin‐offs, and including strong representation within the educational and research sectors.

2009
Artikkel

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