|The study's focus is to quantify the overall economic impact upon the local area of Snowy Region (Australia) regarding several cultural events, as well as supplying basic understanding of the processes involved within the economical impact assessment. It differs from many other studies into the economic impacts of events in that the focus of attention is the small regional economy, with a focus on the sub-State regional economic impact, where both the events and the regional economy in which those are held are smaller than the usual cases found in most economical impact studies and with the added challenge of the lack of industrial interconnectivity (core to the input-output model).|
|The paper takes a closer look at cultural festivals such as musical or operatic festivals. From an economic viewpoint the paper shows that such festivals offer great artistic and economic opportunities, but that at the same time these opportunities are also easy to destroy. Empirical evidence from the Salzburg Festival show that government support can have negative effects on the innovative and economically success of festivals by introducing distorting incentives and imposing all sorts of restrictions. The paper draws policy suggestions on how the state can support art festivals.|
Authors provide a preliminary exploration of equity-based crowdfunding underlying economics. They highlight the extent to which economic theory, in particular transaction costs, reputation, and market design, can explain the rise of non-equity crowdfunding and offer a framework for speculating on how equity-based crowdfunding may unfold. They conclude by articulating open questions related to how crowdfunding may affect social welfare and the rate and direction of innovation.
Due to internet facilitates instant and inexpensive communication, online crowdfunding generates a broad dispersion of investors in small and early-stage projects. This contrasts with existing theories that predict entrepreneurs and investors will be co-located due to distance-sensitive costs. This study examines the crowdfunding platform Sellaband, which finances early stage musical projects.
The average distance between artists and investors is about 5,000 km, suggesting a reduced role for spatial proximity. Still, within a single round of financing, local investors invest relatively early, and they appear less responsive to decisions by other investors. This geography effect is driven by investors who likely have a personal connection with the artist-entrepreneur (“family and friends”). Although the online platform seems to eliminate most distance-related economic frictions such as monitoring progress, pro-viding input, and gathering information, it does not eliminate social-related frictions.
This paper deals with microfinance and focus on two of its main tools – microcredit and crowdfunding. The microfinance system seems to be another way to think globalization. But is it really an alternative? It seems to have socio-economic impacts that distinguish it from the traditional financial system and make it more sustainable. But authors will discuss the limits of this new model. They will see that this system is also globalized and that it finally deals with the same issues and challenges of the traditional credit institutions - governance, regulation, and transparency.
This research aims to understand the role played by social entrepreneurs’ personality traits on the choice between the traditional donation model and social crowdfunding (CF) to finance social projects. Social CF is examined as an instrument to capture funds for social projects, and the particular case of the Portuguese Social Stock Exchange (PSSE) is presented. The investigation reveals that the agreeableness and neuroticism factors were not even considered in the results of the factorial analysis, which indicates the minor importance of these personality traits in the funding decisions of the Portuguese social entrepreneurs. The same applies to the factors of openness to new experiences and extraversion, which, although considered in the logistic analysis, showed no statistical significance. Finally, the conscientiousness personality trait seems to be the only factor that might explain the use of the PSSE platform.
Why Crowdfunding Projects can Succeed: The Role of Proponents ’ Individual and Territorial Social Capital
In this paper, the authors aim at learning more on what determines the probability of a project to reach the target funding. They apply the lens of social capital, defined by the goodwill available to her/him from the structure and content of his/her social relations. In particular they distinguish between ‘individual’ (exclusive) and ‘territorial’ (locally shared) social capital. They test their hypotheses by running Probit estimates on a sample of 461 crowdfunding projects posted by 699 proponents and hosted on 11 Italian crowdfunding platforms. This methodology puts in evidence that in a framework with information asymmetry individual social capital (ISC) is positively and significantly correlated with the probability of success of a crowdfunding project. On the contrary, authors do not find any significant correlation with the diffused territorial social capital (TSC).
This paper provides a systematization of what it is known on crowdfunding, which can be useful to scholars, practitioners, and policymakers interested in the phenomenon from different angles. It first reviews the emergent literature on the theme to single out the aspects that so far have attracted the bulk of scholarly interest. Then, it compares the crowdfunding with other forms of entrepreneurial finance. Finally, it offers a first survey on Italian crowdfunding platforms.
In this study, the authors evaluate the influence of linguistic content on fundraising outcomes, above and beyond type of product or service offered. Online fundraising settings pose an interesting empirical puzzle: women are systematically more successful than men, an outcome contrary to offline gender inequality. They propose that this outcome is partially explained by linguistic differences between men and women in terms of language they use, and they test this mechanism using data from the online crowdfunding platform Indiegogo. The results support their theory, suggesting a link between micro-level linguistic choices and macro level outcomes: the institution of crowdfunding may reduce gender inequalities in the fundraising arena by benefitting the communication style of women.
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