Festival/arrangør

Estimating the economic impacts of festivals and events: a research guide

JANECZKO, B.,
MULES, T.,
RITCHIE, B.
CRC for Sustainable Tourism
The study's focus is to quantify the overall economic impact upon the local area of Snowy Region (Australia) regarding several cultural events, as well as supplying basic understanding of the processes involved within the economical impact assessment. It differs from many other studies into the economic impacts of events in that the focus of attention is the small regional economy, with a focus on the sub-State regional economic impact, where both the events and the regional economy in which those are held are smaller than the usual cases found in most economical impact studies and with the added challenge of the lack of industrial interconnectivity (core to the input-output model).
2002
Australia
Working Paper
Festival/arrangør

The Rise and Fall of Festivals. Reflections on the Salzburg Festival

FREY, B.
The paper takes a closer look at cultural festivals such as musical or operatic festivals. From an economic viewpoint the paper shows that such festivals offer great artistic and economic opportunities, but that at the same time these opportunities are also easy to destroy. Empirical evidence from the Salzburg Festival show that government support can have negative effects on the innovative and economically success of festivals by introducing distorting incentives and imposing all sorts of restrictions. The paper draws policy suggestions on how the state can support art festivals.
2000
Østerrike
Working Paper
Festival/arrangør

Kulturfestivalen. Scenekunstens markedsplass

Waade, A. M.
Centre for Cultural Research, University of Aarhus, Aarhus
Working Paper no. 112-0
2002
Denmark
Working Paper
Scenekunst

The Willingness-to-Pay for the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen as a Public Good

Hansen, B.T.
Journal of cultural economics
21 (1), p 1-28

In this paper some of the results of a Contingent Valuation (CV)-Study of the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark, are presented. The estimated aggregated willingness-to-pay (WTP) for the Royal Theatre through taxes shows that the Danish population wants to pay at least as much as the theatre receives in public subsidies. The visitors comprise only about 7 per cent of the total population, but the non-users' WTP is quite substantial which is the interesting point. It means that the non-users are willing to pay an option price and that the Royal Theatre has non-use value.

1997
Danmark
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Creativity and management control - the diversity of festival budgets

Knardal, Per Ståle,
Pettersen, Inger Johanne
International Journal of Managing Projects in Business
8(4)

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the budget, when split into a network of projects, can act as a management tool to balance control with creativity.

Design/methodology/approach – A case study is used to discuss the budget in a large Norwegian festival. Simons’ (1995) concept of interactive use of budgets is applied for the analysis of empirical findings. Especially, the authors focus on the design and use of the budget and how it is aligned with the specific characteristics of festivals as economic organizations.

Findings – The findings support earlier research which focusses on the need to balance between control and dynamic changes to successfully manage festivals. This study gives a detailed knowledge on how managers use budgets to combine management control with creativity and dynamic adaptions.

Originality/value – This study contributes to a detailed understanding of how managers can use budgets as tools to stabilize between uncertainty, creativity and control.

Keywords Budgets, Balancing creativity and control, Functions of budgets, Interactive and diagnostic use

Paper type Case study

2015
Norge
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Festival/arrangør

Knutepunkt - Kriterium for knutepunktstatus og vurdering av gjennomføring av knutepunktoppdraget

Kultur- og kyrkjedepartementet
Stortingsmelding 10, Kultur- og Kyrkjedepartementet, Oslo
(2007-2008)
2007
Norge
Stortingsmelding
Festival/arrangør

Barents festivals and the development of local identity

Karlsen, S.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå

The aim of the present study was to investigate how three specific music festivals, situated in the Barents region, contributed to development of local identity in their respective host municipalities. The aim was further explored through three research questions focussing on 1) how the festivals cooperated with local agents; 2) how the festivals participated in and contributed to processes of glocalisation; and 3) what kinds of stories that were told through the festivals about their respective host municipalities. The festivals investigated was the Festspel i Pite Älvdal (Sweden), the Festspillene i Nord-Norge (Norway) and the Jutajaiset Folklorefestivaali (Finland). The study was grounded in modernity theory as well as previous research on festivals’ contribution to development of local identity. Concerning the methodological aspects of the study, it was designed using an embedded multiple case-design, in which each of the festivals constituted one case and the three research questions functioned as the cases’ units of analysis. Hence, within-case as well as cross-case analysis was enabled. The empirical data consisted of field notes from participant observation of in all 58 festival events; interviews with the festivals’ directors and official representatives of the festivals’ host municipalities; and documentation in the form of festival programmes. The findings showed that all three festivals had extensive cooperation with a wide selection of local agents or stakeholders but also that the range and profoundness of this coopera tion seemed to depend on the festival management’s awareness of and focus towards the necessity of building and maintaining stakeholder relationships. This awareness seemed further to depend on the festival’s perceived self-identity, its degree of professionalism and institutional status. Regarding the participation in and contribution to processes of glocalisation, 17 aspects were found that were divided into the categories of reaching out; letting in; facilitating for meetings; and musical glocalisation. The festivals were seen to be narrators of history as well as telling meta-narratives about their host municipalities and thereby producing and reproducing collective self-images. The latter was exemplified in the Festspel i Pite Älvdal emphasising the local municipality as a centre in its own reality; the Festspillene i Nord-Norge strengthening the urban and displaying strong, international bonds; and the Jutajaiset Folklorefestivaali emphasising connections towards other peripheral and rural communities.

2008
Sweeden
Report
Scenekunst

Operasjon Operanasjon. Evaluering av region- og distriktsopera/musikkteater

Berge, O.K.,
Dahl Haugsevje, Å.,
Torvik Heian, M.,
Hylland, O.M.
381

Da Stortinget 15. juni 1999 vedtok at det skulle oppføres et operahus i Bjørvika, var dette en virkeliggjøring av en 100 år gammel drøm. Sjelden har en kulturpolitisk sak vekket så stor interesse i norsk offentlig samfunnsdebatt. Å bygge et nytt operahus forutsatte en stor statlig investering, og operadebatten dreide seg om prioritering og fordeling innad på kulturfeltet, mellom samfunnssektorer og ikke minst mellom Oslo og resten av landet. Stortinget besluttet denne dagen også å styrke operavirksomheten i landet for øvrig. I dag får 10 operainstitusjoner utenfor Oslo statlig støtte gjennom satsingen på region- og distriktsopera, og det produseres opera i alle landsdeler.  Denne rapporten presenterer resultatene fra evalueringen av den helhetlige kulturpolitiske satsingen på region- og distriktsopera og musikkteater. 

2016
Norge
Rapport
Festival/arrangør

Nasjonal festivalstatistikk 2015

Rykkja, A.,
Ericsson, B.
5/2016

Rapporten presenterer statistikk for musikkfestivaler og en mindre gruppe «ikke-musikk»-festivaler for året 2015. I noen tabeller og figurer er tall og data fra 2014-undersøkelsen tatt med i illustrasjonsøyemed og for å vise forskjeller i datagrunnlag for 2014 og 2015. Denne presentasjonsmetoden er ikke brukt for å si noe om utvikling eller endring mellom to år. Datagrunnlaget, ulik sammensetning av populasjon og det korte tidsintervallet gir ikke grunnlag for å si noe om eventuelle endringer.

2016
Norge
Rapport
Festival/arrangør
2016
Skottland
Rapport
Antall publikasjoner i denne databasen: 241

Karin Ibenholt er ansvarlig for denne databasen. Send gjerne forslag til endringer eller bidrag til henne.