Publikasjonsdetaljer

År
1994
Forfattere
CROMPTON, J.
MCKAY, S.
Publisert i/av
Festival Management & Event Tour. 2, p 33-43
Nr
2, p 33-43
Region
Worldwide
Land
USA
Type
Artikkel
Nøkkelord
Economic Impact, Økonomisk effekt, Error, Handbook
Abstrakt / Utdrag
The purpose of this paper is to alert festival organizers to the most common sources of error in economic impact studies. Data from a study undertaken by the authors is used to illustrate five of these errors: the use of incremental rather than true multipliers; the use of sales rather than income multipliers; misrepresentation of employment multipliers; the inclusion of local residents and the failure to exclude "time-switchers" and "casuals". The paper concludes with consideration of two other concerns which, if not addressed, are likely to lead decision-makers to overly optimistic conclusions when reviewing results of an economic impact study: the displacement costs and the costs of negative impacts that accrue to a community as a result of staging an event.