Generell

Entrepreneurship in different contexts in cultural and creative industries

Porfírio, J.A.,
Carrilho, T.,
Mónico, L.S.
Journal of Business Research

This study analyzes how hard and soft conditions influence the development of entrepreneurship in cultural and creative industries (CCIs). The study further examines what influence the context has on the effect of these conditions. A multiple multivariate regression analysis examines the importance of both the hard and soft conditions to explain the differences between the United Kingdom and the Mediterranean countries of Portugal, Spain, and Greece. The sample comprises 123 entrepreneurs from the four countries. The use of this method represents an important contribution to the understanding of entrepreneurship dynamics and for the further fine-tuning of entrepreneurship policies in CCIs in different contexts.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Offentlig støtte til privat innovasjon - omfang, varighet og gjengangere

Rybalka, M.
Økonomiske analyser

Skattefunn-ordningen, innovasjonsprogrammene til Innovasjon Norge og næringslivsprogrammene til Norges forskningsråd er blant de viktigste virkemidlene for forskning og utvikling (FoU) og innovasjon i Norge. Hvem bruker disse støtteordningene? Er det noen mobilitet blant brukere av hver ordning over tid? Hvor menings- fylt er det å sammenlikne effekter av ulike typer virkemidler? Dette er problemstillinger i denne analysen som undersøker graden av gjentatt bruk av offentlig støtte samt interaksjon mellom ulike virkemidler. 

2016
Norge
Artikkel
Film

Empirical generalizations on the impact of stars on the economic success of movies

Hofmann, J.,
Clement, M.,
Völckner, F.,
Hennig-Thurau, T.
International Journal of Research in Marketing

Movie industry experts continuously debate whether the industry's enormous investments in stars pay off. Although a rich body of research has addressed the question of whether stars are critical to the success of movies, previous research does not provide a consistent picture of the impact of stars on the economic success of the respective product. To derive empirical generalizations, the authors (1) provide a meta-analysis of the relationship between star power and movie success based on 61 primary studies reporting 172 effects of star power on movie success and (2) analyze a comprehensive dataset from that industry with n = 1545 movies using two different types of star power measures (commercial and artistic success), while controlling for selection effects of stars. Based on these two studies, four empirical generalizations emerge. First, when ignoring selection effects of stars, the impact of star power on box office revenues is strongly upwards biased. Second, artistic star power is associated with significantly lower box office revenues than commercial star power. Third, on average, movies with a commercially successful star generate 12.46 million US$ additional box office revenues. In contrast, artistic star power does not result in a statistically significant revenue premium. Fourth, commercially (artistically) successful stars have a statistically significant “multiplier effect” of 1.127 (1.083) on other characteristics that influence a movie's box office revenues.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Creative industries as hubs of new organizational and business practices

Lampel, J.,
Germain, O.
Journal of Business Research

Firms and governments increasingly see creative industries as hubs of managerial innovation and experimentation. The opening essay to this special issue examines the role of creative industries as pioneers and highly visible adopters of new organizational and business practices. The paper next focuses on four themes that are especially salient to this process. The first theme looks at creative industries as celebrity industries that popularize and legitimize organizational and business practices. The second theme examines the lessons that relatively low levels of value chain integration have for other industries that are in the process of value chain transformation. The third theme looks at the creative industries and the rise of the experience economy. The fourth theme argues that historical patterns of employment and self-employment in the creative industries foreshadow many of the issues that are experienced by the wider economy. A discussion of the seven papers appearing this special section concludes this introduction.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Creative Economy, Cultural Industries and Local Development

Boccella, N.,
Salerno, I.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences

The purpose of this paper is to draw a clear picture of creative and cultural industries and of the creative economy, as driving factors of economic growth and local development. To this aim, the paper analyzes some recent data on the significance of the creative economies, reflecting on the concepts of creative and cultural industries. In the text, attention is paid to the links between creative economy and local development on one hand, and the concepts of territorial capital and social capital on the other side.

In the end, the work focuses on presenting the results of an in-progress study, about the recent literature on the mentioned issues, presenting a brief overview of some significant works.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

From culture to creativity and the creative economy: A new agenda for cultural economics

Greffe, Xavier
City, Culture and Society

Cultural Economy – which analyses the production, distribution and reception of symbolic contents - is dominated by the economics of welfare. This way of thinking marginalized the role of creativity and closed the corresponding analysis in a very static framework. Face to the need of an economic thought adapted to the creative economy, we should took this opportunity to distillate a more dynamic approach in cultural economics. Three examples are given (artistic markets, artistic skills, and macro-cultural policy) that demonstrate how cultural economics and creative economics should merge for their mutual benefit.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

The Creative Entrepreneur: A Framework of Analysis

Bujor, Adriana,
Avasilcai, Silvia
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences

The term “creativity” is quite often used around us, especially lately, as today most people strive to be creative. The main reason for this is that creativity seems to represent an advantage in front of others. Entrepreneurs are extremely proactive and it is this orientation towards action which leads to their success in business, but also in their personal lives. The “creative entrepreneurship” has become a term which refers to the business activity of entrepreneurs belonging to the creative industries. The creative entrepreneur is the type of entrepreneur concerned with the creation and exploitation of creative or intellectual capital. He or she is an investor in his or her talent, but also in that of others. The aim of this paper is twofold: to offer an overview on creativity and creative entrepreneurship, and to make a comparative literature review of the creative entrepreneurs’ characteristics.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

Entrepreneurship in different contexts in cultural and creative industries

Porfírio, José António,
Carrilho, Tiage,
Mónico, Lisete S.
Journal of Business Research

This study analyzes how hard and soft conditions influence the development of entrepreneurship in cultural and creative industries (CCIs). The study further examines what influence the context has on the effect of these conditions. A multiple multivariate regression analysis examines the importance of both the hard and soft conditions to explain the differences between the United Kingdom and the Mediterranean countries of Portugal, Spain, and Greece. The sample comprises 123 entrepreneurs from the four countries. The use of this method represents an important contribution to the understanding of entrepreneurship dynamics and for the further fine-tuning of entrepreneurship policies in CCIs in different contexts.

2016
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Generell

The Role of Shared Emotions in the Construction of the Cyberculture: From Cultural Industries to Cultural Actions: The Case of Crowdfunding

Gomez-Diago, Gloria
Academic Press, San Diego

Emotions have different origins and consequences. Mass media producers and advertisements transmit emotions to convince audiences to buy their products or services. In this context, citizens can feel or not feel the emotions presented by applying empathy because those emotions belong to a reality, which is not theirs. Since the widespread of the Internet, citizens are not just an audience, but are also users who create, publish, and share content through the wide range of platforms available in cyberspace. Within the virtual environment, emotions are shared and are visible through the collective creation and the rejection of political decisions. We will analyze how online communications provide the possibilities to share emotions, thereby allowing users to create and to share both emotions and knowledge through crowdfunding as a way to develop cultural products, actions, and initiatives that, without this financial form could be very difficult to achieve.

2016
Bokkapittel
Generell

Innovation in the European creative industries: a firm-level empirical approach

Protogerou, Aimilia,
Kontolaimou, Alexandra,
Caloghirou, Yannis
Industry and innovation

This paper explores the innovative performance of firms active in the creative industries (CIs). It identifies potential differentials in various innovation indicators between CI and non-CI young firms and examines drivers of the innovative performance of firms in the creative sectors. Our findings suggest that firms in the CIs outperform those in non-CIs both in terms of product innovation and R&D intensity, but not in terms of process and organisational innovation. Empirical analysis also suggests that the human capital of the founders as well as specific firm characteristics play a significant role in the innovative activity of firms in the CIs.

2016

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