Generell
1998
Europa
Working Paper
Opplevelser

Destination Culture – Tourism, Museums, and Heritage

Kirshenblatt Gimblett, Barbara
University of California Press

Destination Culture takes the reader on an eye-opening journey from ethnological artifacts to kitsch. Posing the question, "What does it mean to show?" Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett explores the agency of display in a variety of settings: museums, festivals, world's fairs, historical re-creations, memorials, and tourist attractions. She talks about how objects—and people—are made to "perform" their meaning for us by the very fact of being collected and exhibited, and about how specific techniques of display, not just the things shown, convey powerful messages. Her engaging analysis shows how museums compete with tourism in the production of "heritage." To make themselves profitable, museums are marketing themselves as tourist attractions. To make locations into destinations, tourism is staging the world as a museum of itself. Both promise to deliver heritage. Although heritage is marketed as something old, she argues that heritage is actually a new mode of cultural production that gives a second life to dying ways of life, economies, and places. The book concludes with a lively commentary on the "good taste/bad taste" debate in the ephemeral "museum of the life world," where everyone is a curator of sorts and the process of converting life into heritage begins.

1998
bok
Opplevelser

En kartlegging av arrangementets økonomiske og kulturelle betydning

Spilling, O.R

I rapporten redegjøres for resultater av en publikumsundersøkelse ved Peer Gynt stemnet 1990. Arrangementet foregår årlig på Vinstra i Gudbrandsdalen. Stemnet er en kombinasjon av kulturelle og kommersielle arrangementer. Det gikk over ti dager og talte rundt tretti arrangementer, i tillegg kommer messe, utstillinger og tivoli. Blant arrangementene var det forestillingen “Peer Gynt i egen fjellheim” som vakte størst oppmerksomhet og trakk tilsammen rundt 5 000 tilskuere. Det totale publikum ved samtlige arrangementer ble anslått til 9 700. I rapporten gis det en redegjørelse for publikums sammensetning, deres økonomiske forbruk i tilknytning til arrangementet og arrangementets kulturelle verdi.

1999
Norge
Notat
Arkitektur

Interiørarkitekter og møbeldesignere i Norge - Status og perspektiv på virksomhet og utdanning

Norske interiørarkitekters og møbeldesigneres landsforening

Utredningen starter med en oversikt over rekruttering, konkurranse med andre profesjoner, oversikt over hvem som er oppdragsgivere og en vurdering av framtidensmarked. Det er verdt å merke seg at nesten 80 % av NILs medlemmer er selvstendig næringsdrivende eller ansatte i små virksomheter. Utredningen fortsetter med en oversikt over utdanningen før den avslutter med en del eksempler.

1999
Norge
Rapport
Opplevelser

The Experience Economy Work is Theatre and Every Business a Stage

Pine, B.J.,
Gilmore, J.H.
Harvard Business School Press

Future economic growth lies in the value of experiences and transformations--good and services are no longer enough. We are on the threshold, say authors Pine and Gilmore, of the Experience Economy, a new economic era in which all businesses must orchestrate memorable events for their customers. The Experience Economy offers a creative, highly original, and yet eminently practical strategy for companies to script and stage the experiences that will transform the value of what they produce. From America Online to Walt Disney, the authors draw from a rich and varied mix of examples that showcase businesses in the midst of creating personal experiences for both consumers and businesses. The authors urge managers to look beyond traditional pricing factors like time and cost, and consider charging for the value of the transformation that an experience offers. Goods and services, say Pine and Gilmore, are no longer enough. Experiences and transformations are the basis for future economic growth, and The Experience Economy is the script from which managers can begin to direct their own transformations.

1999
USA
bok
Festival/arrangør
1999
Norge
Bokkapittel
Festival/arrangør
1999
Bokkapittel
Festival/arrangør
1999
Bokkapittel
Festival/arrangør

Mega-events and impacts on tourism; the predictions and realities of the Lillehammer Olympics

Teigland, J.
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, Beech Tree Publishing, Surrey

After hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics, the Norwegian national and local authorities expected a ‘big boom’ in tourism; the actual effects have been less than, and different from, the predictions, and 40% of the full-service hotels in Lillehammer have gone bankrupt. This paper compares ex ante theories and predictions with the ex post reality. Reference areas and time-series analysis are used to clarify the counterfactual and internal validity. International comparisons among Olympic hosts identify general patterns. The aim is to help planners of mega-events and other rare projects to improve their forecasting and decisions. Ex post studies can improve the quality of future ex ante impact assessment of unique projects, but it is important to clarify partial, interaction and cumulative effects. Also, much more careful market and cost-benefit studies are needed.

1999
Artikkel

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