How long is a tweet? Mapping dynamic conservation networks on twitter using gawk and gephi

Bruns, A.
Information, Communication & Society

Twitter is now well-established as the world’s second most important social media platform, after Facebook. Its 140-character updates are designed for brief messaging, and its network structures are kept relatively flat and simple: messages from users are either public and visible to all (even to unregistered visitors using the Twitter Website), or private and visible only to approved ‘followers’ of the sender; there are no more complex definitions of degrees of connection (family, friends, friends of friends) as they are available in other social networks.Over time, Twitter users have developed simple but effective mechanisms for working around these limitations: ‘#hashtags’, which enable the manual or automatic collation of all tweets containing the same #hashtag, as well allowing users to subscribe to content feeds that contain only those tweets which feature specific #hashtags; and ‘@replies’, which allow senders to direct public messages even to users whom they do not already follow.
This paper documents a methodology for extracting public Twitter activity data around specific #hashtags, and for processing these data in order to analyse and visualise the @reply networks existing between participating users – both overall, as a static network, and over time, to highlight the dynamic structure of @reply conversations. Such visualisations enable us to highlight the shifting roles played by individual participants, as well as the response of the overall #hashtag community to new stimuli – such as the entry of new participants or the availability of new information. Over longer timeframes, it is also possible to identify different phases in the overall discussion, or the formation of distinct clusters of preferentially interacting participants.


Intermediaries and Imaginaries in the Cultural and Creative Industries

O´Connor, J.
Regional studies

This paper conducts an historical and conceptual review of the idea of ‘cultural intermediaries’ and sets up a contrast between the cultural and creative industries. It draws on theorizations of ‘economic imaginaries’ and reconstructs the respective imaginaries of cultural and creative industries. It suggests that the former was organized around the culturalization of the economy and the second around the economization of culture. Nevertheless, there are complicities between them, not least in the contention that a new set of economic developments would redeem the traditional promises of culture.


International Perspectives on Business Innovation and Disruption in the Creative Industries Film, Video, and Photography

Wikström, P.,
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar

As knowledge-based economies continue to grow, creative fields are becoming increasingly important for economic growth and development. Within these fields, disruptive innovations are reshaping industry boundaries and challenging conventional business models. This highly original volume explores the digital disruptions and related industry transformations in film, video and photography. The authors highlight new sources of creative content and examine alternative business models and value propositions currently emerging in a number of different countries. The book incorporates work on disruption from innovation scholars in business schools as well as insights from academics and practitioners in other disciplines, including the broader social sciences. This authoritative volume is vital reading for scholars and researchers specializing in knowledge management and innovation, as well as practitioners working in a variety of image-based creative fields.


Introducing the Creative Industries – from theory to practice,

Davies, H.,
Sigthorsson, G.
SAGE Publications

This is your complete guide to studying and succeeding in the creative industries. This book takes you through the history, trends, products and markets of the creative industries, showing how success depends on a mix of ideas, tactics and talent. When understanding social networks and cultural economy is just as important as hands-on skills or an entrepreneurial spirit, Introducing the Creative Industries shows you how to use theories, concepts and practical skills to get ahead in their course and professional life. Creatively imagined and beautifully written, this book: Interweaves theoretical concepts and professional practice on every page Uses cultural economy to teach the essential concepts and thinkers Integrates case studies from fashion and gaming to journalism and music Teaches strategies for navigating the links between skills, industries, creativity and markets. This book shows you how to spot opportunities and use your knowledge and savvy to take kickstart your career in this fast-moving industry. It is an essential guidebook for students of creativity in media and communication, design, creative industries and business.


Kulturnæringene - samlokalisering og stedsutvikling

Haraldsen, T.

Mange land og regioner har gjennomført kartlegginger av kulturnæringenes økonomiske omfang målt i sysselsetting og/eller verdiskaping. Selv om både begreper, definisjoner og operasjonaliseringer varierer, indikerer de fleste studiene at disse næringene har hatt en betydelig vekst og spiller en viktig rolle i de fleste økonomier. Dette kan ha sammenheng med en utvikling i retning av det som ofte betegnes som opplevelsesøkonomien.

Upublisert notat

Kunskap och lärande for musikbranschen. En evaluering av Norsk Kulturråds stöd till regionala nätverk för kompetensutveckling inom rytmisk musik. Norsk Kulturråd.

Forss, K.,
Kaya, Z.,
Kruse, S.,
Larsen, H. M.
Fagbokforlaget, Bergen

I Kunskap och lärande för musikbranschen - en evaluering av Norsk Kulturråds stöd till regionala nätverk för kompetensutveckling inom rytmisk musik evalueres tilskuddsordningen av Andante - tools for thinking. Evalueringen tar for seg kompetansebehovet i de ulike regionene, nettverkenes bidrag til kompetanseutvikling, ordningens kulturpolitiske kontekst og anbefalinger for det videre arbeidet. Rapporten peker på behovet for en felles forståelse av kompetansebegrepet og en bredere kartlegging av kompetansebehovet i regionene. Hvilke tiltak er realisert og hvilken målgruppe har de truffet? Andante har videre lagt vekt på å undersøke om nettverksmodellen er tydelig og relevant for aktørene i musikkbransjen, om ordningen er formålstjenlig og på hvilke måter nettverkene har tolket sine oppgaver og kompetansemål.


Learning Economies

Lundvall, B. Å.,
Johnson, B.
Journal of Industrial Studies

Modern economies can be characterised as ‘learning economies’ in which knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process. Different kinds of learning and economically relevant types of knowledge can likewise be identified. It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. The ‘learning economy’ is a mixed economy in a fundamental sense.


Managing Creativity in the Cultural Industries

Jeffcutt, P.,
Pratt, A. C.
Creativity and Innovation Management

This special issue brings together a series of contributions that are exploring a relatively new interdisciplinary space–the organisation and management of cultural industries


Managing Creativity: The Dynamics of Work and Organisation.

Davies, H.,
Scase, R.
Open University Press

The authors demonstrate how companies structure their work processes to incorporate creative employees' needs for autonomy whilst simultaneously controlling and coordinating their output


Mapping a Typology of the Film Produces - Or, Six Producers in Search of an Author

Engelstad, A.,
Moseng, J.S.
New York: Bloomsbury

This is the first collection of original critical essays devoted to exploring the misunderstood, neglected and frequently caricatured role played by the film producer. The editors' introduction provides a conceptual and methodological overview, arguing that the producer's complex and multifaceted role is crucial to a film's success or failure.


Karin Ibenholt er ansvarlig for denne databasen. Send gjerne forslag til endringer eller bidrag til henne.