Festival/arrangør
2014
Norway
Artikkel
Generell

Offentlig støtte til privat innovasjon - omfang, varighet og gjengangere

Rybalka, M.
Økonomiske analyser

Skattefunn-ordningen, innovasjonsprogrammene til Innovasjon Norge og næringslivsprogrammene til Norges forskningsråd er blant de viktigste virkemidlene for forskning og utvikling (FoU) og innovasjon i Norge. Hvem bruker disse støtteordningene? Er det noen mobilitet blant brukere av hver ordning over tid? Hvor menings- fylt er det å sammenlikne effekter av ulike typer virkemidler? Dette er problemstillinger i denne analysen som undersøker graden av gjentatt bruk av offentlig støtte samt interaksjon mellom ulike virkemidler. 

2016
Norge
Artikkel
Generell

After the creative industries

Banks, M.,
O'Connor, J.
International Journal of Cultural Policy

In the 1990s ,the rise of the creative industried as a discourse and instrument of policy signalled a desire amongst governments to harness cultural production to a renewed economic agenda.

2009
Artikkel
Generell

All work and no pay: consequences of unpaid work in the creative industries

Siebert, S. ,
Wilson, F.
Work, Employment and Society

This research note evaluates the benefits and pitfalls of unpaid work as an entry route into employment in the creative industries and investigates the consequences of this practice for those who already work in the sector. Based on a qualitative study of perspectives of stakeholders in unpaid work, this article argues that the social capital thesis, often used as a rationale for unpaid work, inadequately explains the practice of unpaid work experience, primarily because it does not take cognisance of the consequences of this practice for other people working in the sector. The study also highlights methodological issues that need to be considered in the future. As well as the importance of a plurality of stakeholder perspectives, the study emphasizes the need to consider the perspectives of those who are excluded from unpaid work and those who are potentially displaced by it.

2013
Artikkel
Arkitektur
2007
Norge
Artikkel
Kunstnere

Art as collective action

Becker, H.
American Sociological Review

Art works can be conceived as the product of the cooperative activity of many people. Some of these people are customarily defined as artists, others as support personnel. The artist's dependence on support personnel constraiizs the range of artistic possibilities available to him. Cooperation is mediated by the use of artistic conventions, whose existence both makes the production of work easier and innovation more difficult. Artistic innovations occur when artists discover alternate means of assembling the resources necessary. This conception of an art world made up of personnel cooperating via conventions has implications for the sociological analysisof social organization.

1974
USA
Artikkel
Musikk

Artists as entrepreneurs, Fans as workers

Wade Morris, J.
Popular Music and Society

This paper uses the increasing integration of social media into music making andmarketing to reflect on the work artists and their fans perform. While new technologies
are celebrated for making cultural production more accessible, there is also more pressure
on artists, as cultural entrepreneurs, to produce and distribute their own work. At the
same time, fans are facing greater invocations to participate through overt calls to become
co-creators or through more passive participation like behavior tracking. Fans cannot
really consume without working. Using an analysis of British musician Imogen Heap—
including press articles and data scrapes from Heap’s social media accounts—this paper
focuses on the changing occupational and creative roles for artists and fans and the
attendant implications for the circulation of cultural goods.
This paper uses the increasing integration of social media into music making and
marketing to reflect on the work artists and their fans perform. While new technologies
are celebrated for making cultural production more accessible, there is also more pressure
on artists, as cultural entrepreneurs, to produce and distribute their own work. At the
same time, fans are facing greater invocations to participate through overt calls to become
co-creators or through more passive participation like behavior tracking. Fans cannot
really consume without working. Using an analysis of British musician Imogen Heap—
including press articles and data scrapes from Heap’s social media accounts—this paper
focuses on the changing occupational and creative roles for artists and fans and the
attendant implications for the circulation of cultural goods.

2014
UK
Artikkel
Mote

Competitive Dynamics of Southern California's Clothing Industry: The Widening Global Connection and its Local Ramifications

Scott, A. J.
Urban Studies

A general outline of the functional and spatial characteristics of the clothing industry in Southern California is sketched out. Two important trends are noted: the increasing design- and knowledge-intensive structure of the industry; and, the marked increase in off-shore sub-contracting by local manufacturers that has occurred in recent years. The predicaments and promises of this situation are explored. Will the industry simply continue to lose its employment base in the region? Will it succeed in making the transition to the status of a major world centre of fashion? It is argued that the southern California clothing industry is potentially capable of rising to the latter challenge, although it remains strongly overshadowed by the New York industry in terms of both fashion significance and commercial reach, and it also retains strong elements of its traditional underbelly of sweatshops. It is further argued that considerable effort needs to be invested in building social infrastructures to reinforce current positive trends in the industry. Given the right kinds of private and public response, it is submitted that Southern California is capable of becoming an international fashion centre on a par with New York, Paris, London or Milan.

2002
USA
Artikkel
Musikk

Competitiveness, local production systems and global commodity chains in the music industry: entering the US market

Power, D.,
Hallencreutz, D.
Regional Studies

This article is based on the results of interviews with music industry actors in the USA, and several other countries, that examined the industry, distribution and retail structures controlling ‘foreign’ music’s access to the world’s largest music markets. The paper uses the US market in order to demonstrate and trace the principal channelsand barriers that determine the conditions of market access for a musical product. It is shown that music distribution channels and retail environments exist in a networked
commodity chain dominated by a limited set of oligopolistic global firms. The journey of a foreign musical product to market in the USA is a difficult one through a
set of globally interlinked but highly fractured and localised commodity pools and channels. The paper concludes by suggesting that for firms and national industries
interested in exporting to the USA understanding the workings of these links between products and consumers is vital. The implications for regional industrial and
innovation policy of power over products’ commercial success being ‘located’ largely outside the local production centre are argued to be far-reaching. In summary, the
article is premised on the idea that if we are to understand success or failure in music sales and better develop regional production milieus we must first understand those
who control the distribution channels and retail environments that sales are made through. In such a task a revised version of the global commodity chain perspective
has much to offer researchers and policymakers alike.

2007
USA
Artikkel
Generell

Constructing Regional Advantage: Platform Policies Based on Related Variety and Differentiated Knowledge Bases

Asheim, B.,
Boschma, R.A.,
Cooke, P.
Regional Studies

This paper presents a regional innovation policy model based on the idea of constructing regional advantage. This policy model brings together concepts like related variety, knowledge bases and policy platforms. Related variety attaches importance to knowledge spillovers across complementary sectors. The paper categorizes knowledge into ‘analytical’ (science based), ‘synthetic’ (engineering based) and ‘symbolic’ (arts based) in nature, with different requirements of ‘virtual’ and real proximity mixes. The implications of this are traced for evolving ‘platform policies’ that facilitate economic development within and between regions in action lines appropriate to incorporate the basic principles behind related variety and differentiated knowledge bases.

2011
Artikkel

Karin Ibenholt er ansvarlig for denne databasen. Send gjerne forslag til endringer eller bidrag til henne.